کرزی د مناظرې نه په ویره کی
“د دریو مناظرو په لړۍ کې، چې موږ پرې له مخه موافقه کړې وه، د ښاغلي کرزي لخوا د نه ګډون پریکړه د افغانستان د ځوانې ډیموکراسۍ د پروسې د ټکنۍ کېدنې لپاره د هغه یوه هڅه ده.
له مناظرې د ښاغلی کرزي له دغې تیښتې دوه منطقي استنباطونه کیدای شي:
لومړی: ښاغلی کرزی نه غواړي ددې کال انتخابات په خپله ټاکلې نیټه (د اسد ۲۹مه) باندې تر سره شي، نو ځکه ده ته په تلویزیون کې د ملیونونو وګړیو مخته په ژوندۍ مناظره کې ګډون د وخت ضایع کول بریښي.
سربیره پر دې، چې ولسمشر يې د اساسي قانون له مخې په بشپړه توګه غیر قانوني دی، دغه به د افغانستان لپاره يوه بله تراژيدي وي.
زه پر کرزي غږ کوم، چې د افغانستان ټولو خلکو ته اعلان وکړي، چې انتخابات به په خپل ټاکلي وخت، د اسد ۲۹مه، تر سره کیږي او دی به هیڅ داسې عمل نه تر سره کوي، چې له افغانانو يې په خپل حکومت کې تغیراتو راوستلو او د موجود نظام د بدلولو حق واخلي.
دویم: هغه جدي نیوکې، چې دده خلاف کیدای شي، خو سړی دې نتیجې ته رسیږي، چې ښاغلی کرزی له ما سره د مخامخ کیدلو جرئت نه لري، چې د افغانستان د خلکو مخته د ځان دفاع وکړای شي.
افغانان د خپلو ځينو خصوصياتو په اساس په ټوله نړۍ کې پيژندل کيږي: لکه ددوی قوي او ټینکه اسلامی عقیده، د کورنۍ او ټولنې لپاره ددوی پاملرنه، زیار کښنه، او له ټولو مهمه، زموږ قوت او جرئت.
اوس دغه يو څرګند دلیل دی، چې ولسمشر کرزی نور د بوش د ادارې د پردې شا ته نشي پټیدلای. نن، سره له دې چې کرزی د خلکو تر فشار لاندې دی، چې د دوی مخته ودریږي، له ما سره مناظره وکړي او افغانانو ته ځواب ووايي، خو دی بيا هم غواړي په ارګ کې همداسې پټ پاتې شي.
د ارګ د دیوالونو تر شا دده د پټیدلو دغه تصمیم روښانوي، چې دغه ولسمشر ددغه ملت د رهبرۍ قوت او جرئت نه لري.
حقیقت دا دی، چې هر افغان باید په خپل ورځني ژوند کې د بې امنیتۍ، بې قانونۍ، د برېښنا د نه شتون، غیر صحي اوبو او فاسد حکومت له ريښو سره مبارزه وکړي.
افغانستانه، اغه اوس زموږ وخت دی.”
اشرف غني احمدزی له هیچا سره معامله نه کوي
مطبوعاتي اعلاميه - اشرف غني احمدزی د ولسمشرۍ لپاره مطبوعاتی دفتر
۸ چنګاښ، ۱۳۸۸ (کابل، افغانستان)— په دې وروستيو کې یو ځل بیا د ځينو ټلویزونونو او ویبپاڼو له لارې داسې افواهات خپریږي، چې ګواکې داسې احتمال شته، چې اشرف غني احمدزی د کوم مشخص کاندید په ګټه تیر شي.
د اشرف غني احمدزي د کمپاین دفتر دغه راز ټول افواهات ردوي او افغان ولس ته ډاډ ورکوي، چې اشرف غني به تر وروستۍ شیبې ددوی ترڅنګ ولاړ وي او د يو ولسي او عادل نظام، چې پر متحرک اقتصاد، اغیزمنې دولتدارۍ، قانونیت او ثبات ولاړ وي، د جوړیدو لپاره به خپلې مبارزې ته دوام ورکوي.
دا د مخالفینو په زړونو کې د اشرف غني په وړاندې په راتلونکو انتخاباتو کې د بایلات ډار دی، چې دغه راز افواهاتو خپرولو ته يې مجبوره کړي دي. دوی په دې توګه هڅه کوي غواړي د هغه ولس، چې پر اشرف غني يې خورا ډیر باور جوړ شوی، اذهان مغشوش کړي او هغوی دوه زړي کړي، خو موږ په دې باور يو، چې دغه به له نهیلۍ پرته دوی ته بل څه په لاس ورنه کړي
د افغان ملت ګوند یوه هیات د ډاکټر غني سره وکتل
|دربار بینوا ویب پاڼه
ووړمه ورځ د افغان ملت ګوند یوه هیات د ګوند د موسس غړي او افتخاري ریس ډاکټر محمد امین واکمن په مشرۍ د ولسمشرۍ له پیاوړي کاندید ډاکټر اشرف غني احمدزي سره د هغه د کار په دفتر کې وکتل.
په لیدنه کې د هېواد، سیمې او نړۍ پر حالاتو خبرې اترې وشوې. د خبرو په ترڅ کې ښاغلي واکمن ښاغلي غني ته ډاډ ورکړ چې د افغان ملت ګوند غړي په سلو کې تر ۹۰ زیات د هغه د کاندیدېدا ننګه کوي او په ټول هېواد کې هر چېرته چې یې د نفوذ ساحه ده، د ښاغلي غني له پاره په کار بوخت دي.
ښاغلي غني له ښاغلي واکمن او ورسره هیات نه مننه وکړه. هغه وویل چې ده د یوه با ثباته، باوقاره او پر ځان متکي افغانستان د جوړېدا له پاره د هېواد مشرتابه ته ځان کاندید کړی، تردې پورته بله آرزو نه لري.
ښاغلي غني خپله هغه ژمنه بیا تکرار کړه چې دی به د هېواد پر منافعو له هیچا سره هېڅ ډول معامله نه کوي
Afghanistan’s ‘Predatory’ State
Source: NEWSWEEK - By: Ron Moreau and Sami Yousafzai
From the magazine issue dated Jun 29, 2009
Former Afghan finance minister Ashraf Ghani is one of President Hamid Karzai's most articulate and vociferous critics, and a chief contender against the incumbent in the upcoming August presidential election. A U.S.-educated former World Bank official, he quit Karzai's cabinet in 2004, finding it corrupt, and has since then turned down "at least 100 offers" to rejoin Karzai's team. Ghani, 60, talked to NEWSWEEK'S Ron Moreau and Sami Yousafzai in his comfortable house in suburban Kabul. Excerpts:
Given the power of Karzai's incumbency and the deteriorating security situation, can you get your message out?
Absolutely. Karzai's political alliances represent a return to the pre-Taliban days. He has brought back discredited figures who have not served this country well. None has shown a sense of integrity or an ability to govern. Hundreds of people visit me daily because Karzai has made the choices that he's made.
Are you referring to people like Mohammad Qasim Fahim, the former Northern Alliance militia commander, whom he chose as his running mate?
Karzai chooses these guys because he lacks vision, leadership and management skills. Everything he does is a spur-of-the-moment compromise. People in Kabul say that he promised 232 individuals minis-terial positions, 949 people governorships and 1,000 people deputy ministerships. The president's word carries no weight. He is auctioning off the government for the sake of winning the election. Thanks to him, we are No. 176 on Transparency International's index.
Couldn't his next five years be different?
Not with the allies he made. He was elected in 2004 with overwhelming support. Then he spat on the will of the people.
Would five more years of Karzai make Afghanistan a failed state?
Yes. Five more years of Karzai is going to rob us of peace, development and stability.
Doesn't that help the Taliban?
It gives them a moral cause. Now the Taliban will be saying that the very people whom they ousted in the mid-1990s because they were incapable of governing are being restored wholesale. Is the function of a ministry to feed a politician or to deliver services?
How serious is the Taliban threat?
The largest threat to this country is this predatory government. Why did the Taliban reappear? People who expected justice, fair play and development feel betrayed.
So how would you clean up what you are calling a rotten system?
The first thing I would do is institute a citizens' report card. Every three months representative citizens of a province would get together and make a scorecard with me, grading the local government's performance. If the verdict is that the leaders are failing, then the governor and others will be dismissed.
What about lagging economic development?
I want to create 10 national projects that capture people's imagination: build 1 million housing units; create 1 million new jobs (not only male jobs); create 2,000 millionaires in the next five years so 25 families won't monopolize everything; and aid the 700,000 Afghans who have been disabled in the conflict. The Ministry of Finance acknowledges that 70 percent of the potential domestic revenue, which was $800 million last year, is being lost due to corruption and mismanagement.
President Karzai seems to be trying to initiate talks with the Taliban. Do you have a peace program?
Right now it's a futile dance. The president needs to produce theater for the West. The Afghan people don't believe he's serious.
Is the Taliban a possible partner in peace?
It depends on who you mean by Taliban. We have to have a unified national stance and not an individualized approach like Karzai's. One day he says, "I feel like negotiating," and offers Mullah Omar protection. The next day he calls the Taliban terrorists and killers. My habit is to ask people to talk first.
Dark horse seeks Afghan presidency
Source: The Washington Times - By: Jason Motlagh
KABUL, Afghanistan | Ashraf Ghani says he is running for Afghan president with plenty of ideas, if not campaign contributions.
Mr. Ghani, who is the leading challenger to President Hamid Karzai, said Afghanistan needs "vision and management" as well as security. And the former finance minister and World Bank official said he can provide it.
Afghan politicians "keep asking for more money without being able to spend it properly," he told The Washington Times in a recent interview in his Kabul home.
U.S. aid to the Afghan government -- more than $60 billion since 2001 -- can be made more effective by focusing on infrastructure and job creation, in turn reducing Afghanistan's dependency on foreign money over time, he said.
He cited figures showing that the government loses 70 percent of its revenue each year through waste, mismanagement and corruption.
The presidential campaign coincides with a buildup of U.S. troops ordered by President Obama in an attempt to change the course of the war.
About 7,000 troops began deploying this week to southern Afghanistan, mainly to Helmand province, which is largely controlled by the Taliban and is the world's largest opium-growing region.
Mr. Ghani said he wants to accompany a military turnaround with an economic revival that is driven by agricultural exports, mining and hydropower.
The focus on hydropower could make Afghanistan a regional provider of electricity instead of a net importer. This would require improved connectivity to resource-hungry neighbors such as China.
In November, a Chinese company won a contract to mine copper by investing nearly $3 billion in infrastructure, including an electricity plan and railroad spur to Tajikistan that would create thousands of jobs.
Asked about the insurgent threat to backcountry projects, Mr. Ghani said "spatial clusters" of growth, initially focused in eight stable northern provinces, would create a "multiplier effect."
With time, he said, these clusters will overlap and allow investors to push deeper into at-risk areas in the South and East.
As an example of what is possible, Mr. Ghani cited two telecommunications companies that were at first hesitant to pay for $5 million licenses.
They are now worth more than $600 million with more than 1 million subscribers each, Mr. Ghani said. Three other firms have joined the market, which has attracted $1 billion in private investments.
Today, Afghanistan ranks among the world's most corrupt and least developed countries, beset by economic woes and rampant drug trafficking that give traction to the Taliban-led insurgency.
Despite Mr. Ghani's best efforts, Mr. Karzai is expected to win the Aug. 18 vote, partly because of a flurry of agreements with potential opponents in the past month.
Some Western commentators are convinced that Mr. Karzai has already won.
Mr. Ghani rejected the forecast as one of "analysts who are bound in embassies."
"No one can deny what the problems are anymore," he said. "I'm challenging [Mr. Karzai] with nothing in the way of material resources, but with ideas and volunteers."
He has not ruled out a possible partnership with the only other high-profile challenger, Abdullah Abdullah, a former foreign minister who has also fallen out with the president.
As finance minister from 2002 to 2004, Mr. Ghani won praise for reforms and large-scale development projects. He created a new currency under a centralized revenue system and overhauled the budget and customs systems, making the government more accountable to the Afghan people and international donors. At one stretch, he even worked for free.
After his departure, he served as chancellor of Kabul University.
In 2006, he was a candidate to become secretary-general of the United Nations. A steady presence at international conferences, he churns out papers and op-ed contributions on nation-building and he co-authored a recent book, "Fixing Failed States."
On security strategy, Mr. Ghani praised the Obama administration for what he called a "unified approach" to counterinsurgency that recognizes the need to focus on Pakistan and Afghanistan and reaches out to civilians.
However, he stressed that air strikes and other heavy-handed tactics that kill civilians are self-defeating.
"Counterinsurgency can accommodate counterterror, but not the other way around," he said, noting that "months of careful counterinsurgency can be undone in day by one single" mistake.
If elected, Mr. Ghani said he would talk to Taliban representatives.
Most rank-and-file militants can be won over with a job, he said, comparing them to his "16-year-old students." Hard-core elements that continue to target the state, meanwhile, "must be confronted from a position of strength."
While no one questions his intellectual gifts, critics wonder how much clout Mr. Ghani would command in dealing with the Taliban and influential warlords. There are also doubts over the extent of his rural support base. Until recently, he was a U.S. citizen who invariably donned a suit and tie.
Seated in his Kabul living room in traditional attire, he appeared the native son, flanked by a glass case of bolt-action rifles. A dog roamed among young saplings outside.
Mr. Ghani said Afghans are familiar with his initiatives such as a National Solidarity Program, which dispensed more than $500 million in World Bank aid to 23,000 villages.
While illiteracy may be high, so is political consciousness in a country that has experienced little respite from war in the past three decades.
"The average Afghan listens to four radio stations a day. We are neither ignorant nor stupid," he said.